Someone wise once said that, ‘A rabbit is only as good as the food they eat’
Ok. That someone was me.
And that stemmed from the fact that choosing the best rabbit food for your bunnies is made out to be this immensely challenging, scientific load of bull that it is not.
Rabbit nutrition is simple. It is true that they eat a lot. But that is what precisely spreads out their daily nutritional requirement over a variety of food items that is tailored for them.
In this blog post today, I will be addressing everything related to food for your bunnies. Consider it like the Rabbit nutrition 101 guide that you always wanted. We will discuss everything from hay, natural grazing, vegetables and the occasional treats that will keep your bunny healthy, happy and fit.
By the end of this, you will be armed with enough information to pick the best rabbit food for your bunnies irrespective of the breed or the size. So sit back and resist your urge to chew on the furniture while you read this.
Quick Comparison: Top Rabbit Foods in 2017
|Rabbit Food||Quality||Our Rating|
|Best Rabbit Food For Adult Rabbits|
|Oxbow Animal Health Bunny Basics Essentials||A+|
|Small Pet Select Rabbit Food Pellets||A+|
|Kaytee Supreme food for Rabbit||A|
|Sherwood Adult Rabbit Food - Timothy blend||A-|
|Manna Pro Small World Rabbit Feed||A-|
|Best Rabbit Food For Young Rabbits|
|Oxbow Animal Health Bunny Basics Young Rabbit Formula||A+|
|Kaytee Forti-Diet Pro Health Food for Juvenile Rabbits||A-|
|Best Hay For Your Rabbit|
|Small Pet Select 2nd Cutting Timothy Hay||A|
|Kaytee All Natural Timothy Wafer-Cut Hay||A-|
|Standlee Premium Western Forage Timothy Grass||A-|
* click on the product name to be taken to Amazon where you can check the current price and read customer reviews.
Below you’ll find in-depth reviews of each of the above products.
Understanding Your Rabbit’s Diet
Before we get going, let me clear one thing right off the bat.
Rabbits were originally wild animals that were later domesticated for keeping them as pets in homes. Hence, many experts refer to pet bunnies as ‘house rabbits’. If you are wondering why I mentioned this in the first place is that from a digestive and nutritive point of view, there is very little difference between a wild rabbit and a house pet.
They have identical digestive systems but there’s a huge difference in the type of food they eat which has been brought about by man’s addiction to dry packaged foods.
Don’t get me wrong here. Your rabbit will still need their pebbles. But many rabbit parents are guilty of overfeeding them with pebbles.
Like wild rabbits, which graze for hours on naturally available fresh grass, herbs, tree barks, dry grass, leaves, fruits, shrubs, herbs and sprouts, your first attempt must be to supplement your rabbit’s diet with a supply of natural grass.
The Natural Ingredients in Your Rabbit’s Diet
In ideal circumstances, your pet rabbit will have a healthy mix of grass, hay, herbs, vegetables, fruits and dry food which not only fill in their daily nutritive requirement but also cater to their taste buds by giving them a plethora of textures and flavors which wont keep them bored.
There are other advantages too which we will talk about in a bit.
But firstly, here’s a percentage graph of what your rabbit’s diet should look like.
- Grass/Hay – 75- 80%
- Fresh Veggies – 10-15%
- Healthy Treats – 5%
- Dry food/ Pellets – 5%
Now let’s go through each one of those in detail.
Grass or Hay
It is given that if you live in a city, getting access to meadows of fresh grass is next to impossible. The next best option that you have is to feed your rabbit with grass hay. Grass hay or just hay is nothing but dried grass that retains a lot of its nutritional content making it an excellent choice for rabbits that do not have access to fresh grass. It contains Vitamins A, D, Calcium, trace amounts of protein and a bunch of other nutrients.
Most rabbit parents don’t think twice before feeding their pets with a particular type of hay, which may be the most easily available option. However, different varieties of hay have different nutritional content. Some of this, when consumed in excess, can even be fatal for your pet.
Hence, it is always healthier to mix different types of hay depending on the age and weight of your pet.
Adult rabbits need less of calories and protein as compared to babies. So, babies should be fed more of alfalfa grass which is high in both the ingredients. For adults, a mix of orchard, timothy (both of which are fiber rich), oat, dried grass, meadow and Bermuda grass will be a good choice.
A small percentile breakdown of the nutrient profile of each type of hay:
Orchard grass: 32% Fiber, 10 % Protein, 0.33% Calcium
Timothy: 34% Fiber, 11% Protein, 0.5% Calcium
Alfalfa: 34% Fiber, 19% Protein, 1.5% Calcium
You can also pick one or two of the above and mix them for your pet.
As healthy as hay can be, loss of some of the nutrients, including vitamins and minerals is unavoidable due to the drying process. This is where fresh herbs and vegetables come into the picture.
Veggies and herbs
Fresh foods, vegetables and herbs in particular, can give the rabbit the moisture that is lacking in dry hay. Not only will it cater to your bunny’s taste buds, it will also improve their kidney and bladder function.
Now, there’s a lot of debate as to what the fresh part of your rabbit’s diet must contain. Having lived with bunnies for over a decade, I have learnt from experience that at least 75% of the fresh food that you give your bunnies must come from leafy green veggies.
That might sound blasphemous to a lot of people who will start to cringe about oxalic acid and the potential damage that it can do to your rabbit’s kidney function over a prolonged time frame.
For those who are unaware, Oxalic acid which is also called ‘Oxalate’ is naturally occurring ingredient in many foods, which has become a buzzword in health circles for humans as well as their furry counterparts. But the fact is that it is far from the bête noir that it is made out to be.
In limited quantities, it is harmless for bunnies. When it comes to rabbits, there are ample choices of leafy greens that do not contain oxalates.
To that end, I have a small table to share with you.
Here’s a bunch of low oxalate leafy greens and other veggies that you can feed your bunny.
- Asparagus, Broccoli, romaine lettuce, iceberg lettuce, swiss greens, turnips, basil, radish tops, beet greens, mint, chicory, cucumber leaves, carrot tops, watercress, bok choy, dill leaves, dandelion, frisee lettuce, wheatgrass, endive, cilantro and kale.
Here are a few leafy greens which have higher oxalate content. But there’s no reason for you to skip these completely from your rabbit’s diet. Instead, you can balance them out by feeding these in limited quantities because of the other nutrients that your rabbit can get from it.
- Spinach, Mustard greens, Parsely, Carrots
The idea should always be to mix up the source of fresh greens and veggies giving your rabbits access to varied taste, textures and flavors while ensuring that the nutritional requirements are not left out. You can mix at least 2 -3 types of leafy greens and spread them out over the day. I regularly include spinach in my pets’ diet but ensure that I don’t overdo it for the risk of the side effects of oxalates.
Oxalates when fed in excess can cause a tingling sensation around the skin and the mouth of your pet. In extreme cases, it can cause severe kidney damage.
The only thing that I would keep an eye on while feeding the rabbit fresh veggies is to reduce the quantity of starchy and sugary veggies like broccoli because of possible gastrointestinal disturbances.
The USDA recommends that you eat at least 5-7 servings of fruit every day. But that’s not intended for your bunnies. There’s a misconception that fruits which are touted to be loaded with antioxidants will do your bunnies a lot of good. The fact is that most fruits are loaded with natural sugars and starches which make for excellent treats but should not be a regular part of your rabbits diet.
Given a chance, your rabbit will gorge on all the fruit that they can get their hands on. That’s their natural instincts kicking in because in the wild, fruits are seasonal and in limited supply. Given the competition for food in nature, rabbits are inclined to eat as many fruits as they can at a time because it remains unsure if and when they will get their next meal.
However, excessive amounts of fruit will lead to an obese pet that most likely has gastrointestinal problems. Not the best of scenarios for a house rabbit.
It is recommended that you limit the fruit serving to less than half a tablespoon per lb of your pet’s bodyweight. Like other ingredients, this should be spread out over the day.
I usually introduce fruits to my rabbit’s diet after they have been fed hay for at least four weeks. This gives their digestive systems enough time to get used to the new foods and reduces the risk of any possible complications. You can introduce fruit in small limited doses and monitor the stool to see how your pet is faring. Soft stools may indicate that the rabbit’s digestive system is not agreeing with a particular food. You may want to strike that one off the shopping list.
If you are giving fruits as special treats, your rabbits will look forward to it and it is also a great way to motivate them to get some much needed exercise. There’s nothing worse than a bunny that refuses to budge after sprawling out in a cage.
Finally, we come to, what comprises of a large part of most house rabbits diets, dry food. Dry food was originally designed for caged rabbits that were bred for meat. For this reason, it is a very concentrated form of nutrition that packs in more nutrients than what your rabbit would need on a daily basis.
But that’s not necessarily everything that your rabbit needs. Most dry food lacks an adequate quantity of fiber that your pet needs for properly regulated bowel movement. If you try to increase the quantity of food to make do for the lack of fiber, it will lead to an overdose of most of the nutrients that your pet needs which will lead to severe health complications.
Now that we know about the disadvantages, let’s also talk about the perks of mixing this into a rabbit’s diet.
You may or may not have access to a mix of grass hays and all the veggies and herbs listed here for various reasons. If that is the case, then even a small dose of the best rabbit food can supplement for the nutritional deficiencies. Also, any rabbit’s diet that only consists of fresh foods clearly lacks many trace nutrients, vitamins and minerals that can be supplemented by using a good quality commercial dry food.
There are two main types of dry rabbit foods available in the market.
- Mixed foods: These are a blend of different dried and processed ingredients that may include dried vegetables. It looks similar to breakfast cereals or muesli which makes them appear to be healthier than pellets, which are the other type of dried rabbit food. However, rabbit food mixes with their bright colors may not be the best of choices for your pet because your rabbits may selectively pick their choicest morsels leaving out nutritional ingredients. Also, I’d rather give my pets as less added flavoring and coloring as I can. That’s just me though. Nothing has been proven scientifically about the coloring and flavors in rabbit food.
- Pellets: Pellets or nuggets are mostly made from dried grass and are uniform sized chunks that your rabbits cannot pick from. For this reason, you will find that a rabbit usually eats all the pellets left in their food bowl rather than cereals. There are many different brands of pellets to choose from in the market and there’s a lot of misleading advertising being used by manufacturers. A red colored pellet for example with the label screaming ‘all-natural ingredients’ may be misleading you into believing that it possibly contains carrot. A green one possibly indicating that it is sourced from leafy greens. But that is rarely the case. The most important thing that you should keep an eye on is the nutritional value on the product information label. This becomes all the more necessary if your pet does not have access to grass hay or other fresh herbs and veggies. For adult rabbits, look for a bare minimum of 19-20% dietary fiber to make the food easier for your bunny to digest. For young rabbits that are below six months of age, the food must contain at least 19% of protein to help them develop their bodies.
The next most important question that rabbit parents have is how much to feed their bunnies at different stages of their body growth. And it is a very critical part of the rabbit’s diet and well being.
How much is adequate? How much is too much or too little?
How Much Food Does my Rabbit Need?
Rabbits are natural foragers and in an enclosed environment like an urban home, it is very easy to overfeed them. So, I always divide the food that a rabbit needs everyday into different groups to make it easier for rabbit parents to understand the dietary needs of their pets.
- Water: 24/7 – Your pet needs a never ending supply of fresh drinking water at all times. However, merely filling a water bottle or a bowl doesn’t cut it anymore. Water in bowls can get frozen in winters and bottles can get clogged especially if algae start to grow in it. You need to keep a check on these things.
- Hay: An adult rabbit needs one bundle of hay that is the same size as they are. I will speak about the type of hay that a rabbit needs at different stages of their growth in a minute.
- Leafy greens: There should at least be a handful of leafy greens fed to your rabbits spread out over the day. This should have at least three types of leafy green vegetables. Rotate the different leafy greens over the week to avoid repetitiveness and to introduce new nutrients to your pet’s diet.
- Fruits: An occasional treat of apples or carrots will keep your rabbit happy and healthy. Limit this to one treat a day.
- Pellets: A rabbit needs approximately 25 grams of pellets per kg of their bodyweight. For an adult rabbit that averages 4 kgs of weight, that translates into 2 cups or 50 grams of pellets per day.
How much food do baby rabbits and teenage rabbits need?
The first 12 weeks are the most important phase of a baby rabbit’s life where you need to establish the fundamentals of healthy eating and ensure that the nutritional requirements of their rapidly developing bodies are fulfilled. Here’s what you should feed your pets for the first 12 weeks of their life.
- From birth until they reach 3 weeks of age – Only mother’s milk
- 3 to 4 weeks – In addition to mother’s milk, this is a great time to introduce alfalfa in tiny quantities
- 4 to 7 weeks – In addition to mother’s milk and alfalfa, you can give them access to the best rabbit food pellets.
- 7 weeks to 7 months – Time to weed them off the mother’s milk and alfalfa and give them unlimited access to their dry food (in controlled doses) and their blend of hay.
- 12 weeks – Time to introduce leafy greens one at a time
How much food does a young adult rabbit need?
Once a rabbit’s core dietary habits are established in the first few months, their digestive flora is primed and more readily accepts newer and more complex food sources. This is a great time to reduce their dependency on dry food and introduce newer fresh food sources. If you haven’t introduced a blend of hay yet, then it’s time to bring in timothy hay, oat hay and some of the others that I have mentioned earlier. It is also time to reduce the alfalfa content in their food, if you are still feeding them.
Pellets can be reduced to as less as 10-12 grams per 6 lbs of body weight. You can experiment with different veggies to see what your pet can tolerate without it causing digestive problems.
This is also a great time to introduce the occasional fruit treat. Just a reminder, your best choices are apples and carrots.
How much food does a mature adult rabbit need?
The diet for a mature adult rabbit and a young adult is mostly identical. The only notable difference is that now you can experiment more with fresh veggies and give them unlimited access to their hay. There should always be a bundle of hay in their crate or cage. Veggies can be increased to as much as 2 cups a day and pellets can be increased or decreased depending on the other parts of the diet.
What is the ideal diet for senior rabbits?
The diet for a mature adult rabbit depends completely on their weight and overall health. If the rabbit is healthy and does not have any health problems, then a diet similar to that of the adult rabbit can be continued. However, if the rabbit has geriatric problems, like excessive calcium in the blood or is underweight, then they may need more pellets or alfalfa.
What Are The Best Rabbit Food Brands?
There are tons of rabbit food brands to pick from and the term ‘best rabbit foods brand’ may well be subjective. For example, if I have an adult rabbit, I’d look for the brand that offers the best pellets that are derived from timothy hay and do not have an excessive amount of sugar or starch.
But if I have a senior rabbit that is above the age of 6, I’d want to consider one which contains a little of alfalfa.
However, if you are new to rabbit foods and want to know about some of the popular brands, then here are some of them.
- Oxbow: One of the most popular brands of rabbit foods that has a range of products for different age groups of bunnies.
- Mazuri: Offers a wide range of exotic pet foods and is considered to be among one of the most trusted brands of rabbit foods in the world.
- American Diner: Good old American made rabbit food available in both pellets as well as mixed forms.
- Kaytee: Kaytee is another great choice of homemade foods for small animals. Their range has a variety of options for rabbits, guinea pigs and tortoises.
If this is the first time you are venturing to shop for nibbles for your rabbit, then here’s some help for you. Here’s a list of the top rabbit foods in the market. To make it easier for you to pick, I have categorized these according to the age of the pet.
My Picks of The Best Rabbit Foods For Adult Rabbits
One of the most popular brands of rabbit foods, Oxbow’s essential range boasts of the most complete nutritional profile among dried foods. It contains a blend of natural and synthetic ingredients that encompasses of vitamins, minerals, protein, healthy fats and calcium that an adult rabbit needs every day.
The main ingredients in the formula are timothy hay for fiber, soy for protein and fats and wheat for carbohydrates.
The vitamin blend is comprehensive and includes Vitamins A, D, E and a bunch of B vitamins which are vital for the rabbit’s fur, skin, nails and eyes.
Many vets recommend switching over to the Oxbow essential range of rabbit foods, especially if rabbits are facing problems like poor fur quality or gastric stasis.
The pellets are soft and easily chewable for rabbits of all ages.
What I like about it
- Time tested and proven formula
- Loved by bunnies of all ages
- Complete nutritional profile
- Premium ingredients for protein, healthy fats and carbs
- Blend of vitamins
- Easy to chew pellets
Despite being a new and niche brand that caters to a specific target audience (read fresh bunny food lovers), the small pet select rabbit food has become quite popular in a very small time. One of the reasons is because their rabbit food isn’t mass produced.
Instead, small batches of the food are produced (less than 500 packets a month) and sold exclusively on Amazon. This assures you about batch freshness and also about the attention to quality which may be lacking in mass produced foods.
The pellets itself are quite soft and rabbits take an instant liking to it. The primary ingredient is timothy hay which makes it an excellent source of indigestible fiber. Other than this, it also contains soy ingredients for fat and a health blend of vitamins.
Some of the notable ones are Vitamin A, D, E, B vitamins, calcium, phosphorus and proteins.
The product is made in the USA by a small family based business with 4 employees and comes with a 100% money back guarantee if you are not satisfied with the quality.
What I like about it
- Small batch produced food with fresher ingredients
- Timothy hay based
- Tasty pellets that bunnies love
- 100% money back guarantee
- Made in the USA
- Healthy vitamin, mineral blend
Go to any pet store and ask for a good quality rabbit food and the first one that you’d come across will be Kaytee Supreme food for rabbits. This is hands down, among the most widely used rabbit foods in the world.
And for good reason too. The pellets are soft, fresh and most rabbits would instant devour it without any hesitation. If you have been using other store brands, you will notice a marked difference in the color of your bunny’s ‘poo’. That’s an indicator of the fresher ingredients that Kaytee uses.
The food is sourced from a blend of grains and seeds according to Kaytee’s official website. However, the supreme food formula does contain oat hay as the primary ingredient along with traces of alfalfa.
So, if alfalfa is restricted for your pet, then you may have to look at some of the other options in this list. It has a healthy vitamin blend along with Rosemary, Vitamins A, E, B12, Niacin, Folic acid among others.
What I like about it
- Most popular adult rabbit food brand
- Oat based pellets with traces of alfalfa
- Fresher and healthier
- Excellent blend of vitamins
- No artificial flavors or coloring
A lot of rabbit parents don’t want to feed their pets foods derived from soy or grain sources. If you are one of them, then you’ll love my next pick in this list of best rabbit foods. This is the Sherwood Adult rabbit food that is sourced from Western Timothy Hay and is completely free of Soy and food grains.
For rabbits that are allergic to soy or grains, this is easier on their digestive systems and contains a healthy blend of nutrients that keep their coat shiny.
The pellets have a fresh timothy hay aroma to it and it is not from artificial coloring or flavors because the food contains none. It is testimony to the quality that Sherwood Forest takes pride in.
If your bunny takes a liking to this, you can also buy this in bulk from the manufacturer to save some Benjamin.
Also, there are two varieties of the food available from Sherwood. One is the professional pellets which are ideal if your rabbit’s diet comprises of more than 50% timothy hay and the other is the complete pellet which is ideal for pets who consume less than 50%.
What I like about it
- Fresh, green and delicious pellets
- Free of soy and grain
- Timothy hay based
- Helps improve digestive problems and fur problems in rabbits
The no-corn formula from Manna Pro is perfect for adult rabbits that have digestive enteritis caused due to high energy grains in their food. The endosperm in corn is one of the leading causes of a carb overload in the hindgut of some bunnies.
The Small world range from Manna Pro is a nutritional pellet that contains high fiber content along with a healthy mix of vitamins and minerals.
The primary ingredients are wheat mill run, alfalfa meal, soybean hulls, rice bran, soybean meal and dried grains.
The pellets are firm and easily chewable by bunnies of all ages. I have spoken to countless rabbit parents who use Manna Pro Small World as the primary dried food for their bunnies. Others also keep it as a secondary option in case they run out of supply of their chosen dry food brand.
What I like about it
- Unbeatable pricing
- No-corn formula that contains wheat mill run, alfalfa meal, soybean hulls and rice bran
- Blend of vitamins, minerals
- Ideal for rabbits of all ages
My Picks of The Best Rabbit Foods For Young Rabbits
If you have a growing bunny below the age of 7 months to a year, you can take a pick of one of these two rabbit foods. Both of these are good quality formulas that have a healthy nutritional profile.
My #1 pick for growing bunnies is this Young Rabbit Formula from Oxbow. This is the perfect age for you to give your bunnies unlimited access to pellets and this formula from Oxbow with its Alfalfa content ticks all the right boxes.
It gives them enough protein and enough calories to help sustain the nutritional requirements of their bodies.
In addition to the alfalfa, it also contains a healthy blend of fats, carbohydrates, amino acids, minerals and vitamins.
The formula is gentle enough to be easily digested by young bunnies. This also allows you to use this for geriatric rabbits that have lost a lot of weight lately as well as pregnant bunnies.
The pellets are soft, have a fresh aroma and are much loved by bunnies who are usually finicky towards certain brands.
What I like about it
- Soft and delicious pellets that are liked by rabbits of all ages
- Alfalfa based formula that is rich in proteins and calories
- Contains fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins
- Easily digestible
Kaytee’s forti-diet pro formula is specially designed for growing bunnies and contains a bunch of beneficial ingredients that provide the necessary support to their developing bodies.
Along with alfalfa, which caters to the high calorie and protein requirements, the food also contains ground oats, ground wheat, oat hulls and flax seed which provide much needed dietary fiber and make this formula rich in Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids.
This helps the bunnies in developing a rich and lustrous coat.
I have donated a lot of bags of this food to a foster home that houses abandoned and orphaned rabbits and it has really helped a lot of the bunnies survive without nursing from their mothers. That alone stands testimony to the quality of the pellets.
The best part is that it is a budget priced option and it also helps to establish your bunnies’ taste buds towards timothy hay based pellets.
What I like about it
- Alfalfa based formula for juvenile bunnies
- Rich in Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids for a shiny coat
- Rich in dietary fiber
- Vital blend of vitamins, minerals and amino acids
The Best Rabbit Food – Hay For Your Rabbits
A list of the best rabbit foods would be incomplete without recommending some of the best brands of hay for your pet. Once again, to keep it diverse, I have included a variety of types of hay. You can pick the one that best works for your pet.
A lot of pet parents don’t think twice before ordering timothy hay without realizing that there’s a marked difference in quality in many brands of hay available online. This one from Small Pet Select is of the freshest ones in the market. It is the second cutting, which is softer than the first cutting but not extremely soft.
It contains long and delicious strands of hay with very little powdery or dusty residue which is an indicator of an old or stale batch.
Also, it does not contain any bugs or mites which are commonly found in cheaper timothy hay brands. No seed heads either which makes it easier for the bunny to chew and digest.
If your bunny has been refusing to eat Timothy hay that you batch purchased off the supermarket shelf, then you’d want to try switching to this one. Excellent quality and great pricing too!
What I like about it
- Fresh, minimally processed timothy hay
- Second cutting
- Long and delicious strands
- No dusty residue or seed heads
- No mites, bugs
Kaytee’s Timothy Hay has a slight edge in terms of pricing. If you compare it per ounce, this is cheaper than any other variety of hay. Also, it comes in wafer cut stacks which make it easier to feed to your bunnies and there’s less chance of wastage.
The quality of the hay is pretty good at the price point. It is not as good as the one from Small Select but once again, it all boils down to what you are willing to spend.
You will find a bit of dust and some brown hay strands in this. But I wouldn’t consider it to be a deal breaker at this price.
This is a perfect low protein, high fiber hay for bunnies, guinea pigs and other small animals.
What I like about it
- Wafer cut stacks of hay for easy feeding
- Decent quality timothy hay
- Great pricing
- Bestseller on Amazon
If you want nothing but the best for your bunny, then check out the Standless Premium Western Forage Timothy Hay.
This is grown in the sun kissed volcanic plains of Southern Idaho which boasts of some of the most nutrient dense soil in the world. The lower humidity in the air clubbed with the friendly irrigation practices make this one of the best forages for your bunnies.
The hay is the second cutting and is long, nutritious and easy to chew. There is zero wastage, brown dust or residue in the box. You get fresh and aromatic timothy hay in every batch.
The only caveat is that if your bunnies get used to the taste of the Standlee Premium Western Forage Timothy, they will refuse to touch any other product of questionable quality.
What I like about it
- Top quality timothy hay
- Grown in the United States in the nutrient dense soil in Southern Idaho
- Second cutting
- Long and delicious hay strands
- Zero wastage, brown dust or residue
An optimum diet that is the right mix of fresh ingredients and the best rabbit food (dry) will enable your bunny to lead a healthy, happy and disease free life. If you need any further assistance or wish to add anything to this, then feel free to reach out to us via the contact us form or via the comments section.